Digital Materials & Files

Digital copies of works are copyrighted works, and have the same protection under the Copyright Act as printed books and journals, including the term of copyright. Examples of digital works include:

  • Web pages
  • Document files, such as pdf (Adobe Acrobat) or doc(Microsoft Word) files
  • Clip-art, images and photo files, such as jpg, bmp, and gif images
  • Audio files
  • Video files
  • DVDs and CDs
  • Streaming media, such as YouTube videos

Just as with print works, most digital works are copyrighted, whether the © symbol is included with the digital work or not. Unless otherwise specified, the copyright defaults to "all rights reserved", where the copyright owner has the "sole right to produce or reproduce the work or any substantial part thereof in any material form whatever".


Web site addresses (URLs, links) may be reproduced in print or digital curriculum resources. Linking to the home page and providing search terms is the recommended practice. Deep links directly to the page may usually be made, as long as the site is not password-protected or restricts access in some other manner.

Copying Digital Materials

Short excerpts of digital materials may be copied if the intended use of the material qualifies as a fair dealing. For more information, see Curriculum Resources or visit the Copyright Information links on mySaskPolytech.

A copy of the complete digital work may be made if the license or terms of use accompanying the work provide permission to make a copy. Otherwise, the permission of the copyright owner is usually required.

Terms of Use

Many websites contain notices stating how the material stored on the site may be used. Links to these notices are often be found near the bottom of the page. Look for links such as "Copyright Notice", "Terms of Use", "Permissions", or "Disclaimer".